Fertility Preservation for Pediatric Cancer Patients
A pediatric cancer patient and his or her family’s main concern should focus on oncology treatments, not if those treatments will cause future infertility. As oncology advances, so do fertility preservation options.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published an updated clinical report in March 2020 that reviews reproductive technology advances for children with cancer, as well as guidance to follow when considering fertility preservation. The report states options for adolescents after puberty, including sperm cryopreservation for boys and oocyte cryopreservation for girls.
For children who have not reached puberty, fertility preservation has been more experimental. Whether the patient is young or older, the report encourages physicians to provide proper counseling and referrals for families to make the best decision for their own situation. Physicians can follow several AAP-recommended guidelines while counseling families about different treatments.
CMV Poses Additional Risks to Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants
A study published in JAMA Pediatrics was the first to show that cytomegalovirus (CMV) may have long-term effects on very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Although CMV is a common illness that affects many children annually, it could pose greater risk to young infants in this category.
Researchers studied 273 VLBW infants with CMV and compared with VLBW infants without the virus. They found infants infected with CMV had greater risk of hearing and respiratory problems. More VLBW infants failed their hearing screening than healthy infants. Researchers hope the study demonstrates that more research should be done to evaluate potential effects of CMV and the importance of screening at-risk infants.
Low-Income Youth Consuming More Sweetened Drinks
While many children enjoy an occasional sweetened drink, a new study found that belonging to a low-income family is associated with higher sugary beverage consumption in youth.
The study looked at data from 15,645 children, ages 2–19, from National Health and Nutrition Examination surveys. Out of the data, 76% of children specific to families in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program drink sugar-sweetened beverages daily.
Although the surveys showed soda and fruit drink consumption had declined from previous years, it also showed a higher consumption of sports and energy drinks, as well as lower-calorie beverages, leading to this study’s conclusion.